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How to Choose Good Feed for Your Poultry

Feeding makes up the major cost of production, and good nutrition is reflected in the bird’s performance and its products. Chicken feeding recommendations vary depending on whether you are raising chickens for meat or eggs. They also vary according to age.

Chicken needs protein, carbohydrates, and fats, along with the appropriate vitamins and minerals. Most starter and grower ration have 18% to 20% protein. This is formulated for growth and development of bones and internal organ. The amount of protein in their diet is very important; it helps them to produce feathers and eggs as well as to grow.

Feed comes in three forms: Crumbles, Pellets, and Mash.

Feed Ingredients – Poultry feed ingredients are easy to get, they are available to us;

  1. Corn and soybean meal – Usually the most plentiful and lowest-cost sources of energy and well-balanced protein, thus it is extensively used.
  2. Balancers and Concentrates – For preparing the poultry feed, concentrates and balances are special supplements which are prepared by the commercial poultry feed companies.
  3. Salt – 0.2 to 0.5% is added to most poultry diets.
  4. Supplemental lipids e.g. Millet (up to 5% of the diet) – May increase energy utilization.
  5. Yellow pigmentation – Use as much yellow corn as possible plus good sources of xanthophyll, such as alfalfa meal or corn gluten meal, for the yellow coloration of the shanks, feet, skin, and egg yolks.
  6. Non-nutritive additives are used for a variety of reasons – e.g., antibiotics (to stimulate growth & control diseases), arsenicals and nitrofurans (to improve performance), anti-parasitic compounds, anti-oxidative, and antifungal compounds.
  7. Fish Oil – Fish oil is a dependable source of Vitamin A and D. Mainly it is used in chicken feed and laying hen’s feed. Fish oil is very effective when green pasture and sunlight is not adequate.

Growing chicken feeds

For chicks, their feed must be enriched with protein and concentrate on ensuring rapid growth and good health. Feed the chicks when they want to eat. And after their two or three weeks of age, give them dry mash with self-feeders (when all the chicks can eat) and ensure a constant supply of fresh and clean water according to their demand. Add some dry cracked wheat with dry mash till they reach three to four weeks of age.

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  1. Please I want to know how many number of broiler are in the cartoon of a day old broiker

  2. How much is a cartoon?

    • Hello Apeh,
      Thank you for reaching out to us,
      The cost of our birds varies from time to time due to the demand,
      You can check here for the updated prices

      You can also reach out to us;
      9am-5pm Business Days

      Call: (+234) 809 409 1115
      WhatsApp: (234) 808 280 8271

      Best Regards

  3. Dear Afrimash Support,

    Please is there a need for persons working in a chicken poultry farm environment to disinfect themselves after work daily before going home or is there a need for preventive vaccination of the persons involved? Thank you.

  4. Hello,
    Please I would like to know the number of chickens a 25 kg bag of feed can feed.
    Thank you.

  5. Pls i want to be a distributor of hybrid can I start.

    • Hello Ajulo,

      Thank you for reaching out to us
      As regards your enquiry, Afrimash is an e-commerce platform where distributors, manufacturers and farmers own stores to sell to farmers.
      We have an affiliate program where our users earn a commission for orders placed through them. You can read and register as an affiliate through the link below;

      Thank you for choosing Afrimash

  6. Good day, please can I get a vaccination plan for my birds.

  7. Hello Sir, Is their any financial support for any person who want to start poultry farm from your angle

    • Hello Taiwo,

      Thank you for reaching out to us,
      As regards your enquiry on financial support, we have financial collaboration in partnership with NIRSAL you can take advantage of,
      Kindly send an email to with your contact details and how you would like to take advantage of our financial support services and our partnership team will get in touch with you.

      Thank you for choosing Afrimash

  8. Reply
    Kingsley Churchill June 23, 2020 at 11:01 pm

    Haven ordered for my birds how do I get them delivered to me here in Bayelsa. Thanks

  9. What is poultry feeds brand to go into as new person into the market of sale of poultry feeds in kwara state.

    • Hello Wande,

      Thank you for reaching out to us
      Afrimash is an e-commerce platform for farmers where manufacturers, distributors and large scale farmers sell farm inputs to farmers

      We have a variety of poultry feeds from top feed brands in Nigeria
      To place an order for your poultry feeds, kindly click the link below:

      Thank you for choosing Afrimash

  10. I studied zoology. I want to go into poutry farm business. As a starter should I go for broiler or layers chickens

  11. Do you sale noilers?

  12. Where can I buy organic vaccine from day old chick to maturity

  13. Please I have home pigeon kindly advise what to feed them thanks

    • Hello Abbas,

      Thank you for your inquiry.
      Pigeons feed naturally on grains, seeds, fruits and vegetables. However, a well balanced diet must be maintained at all times. Kindly consult your veterinarian for available formulated pigeon diet.
      Warm regards

  14. Please I want to ask why chicken shrink, at four month they aren’t weighty… Please what can I do so I won’t run at loss

    • Hello Oluwaseun,

      Thank you for reaching out to us

      Several factors such as disease, malnutrition, and unfavourable environmental conditions can caus birds to shrink
      Kindly follow important management practices and consult your veterinary doctor.

      You can also check out our ebooks for more information and subscribe to our newsletters for updates on our next training on poultry farming.

      Thank you for choosing Afrimash

  15. I want to know how i can a lorry load of top feeds for my farm, and for whole sale resell purposes…

  16. Please, is it good to deworm boiler, if yes, how many weeks will they be deworm and what can make them grow fatter, and weight gain

  17. Which feed is best for boilers.

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